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Through Baltic-German and Swedish rule, Lutheranism also spread into Estonia and Latvia.

Since 1520, regular Lutheran services have been held in Copenhagen.

The king was given possession of all church properties, as well as the church appointments and approval of the clergy.

While this effectively granted official sanction to Lutheran ideas, Lutheranism did not become official until 1593.

During Frederick's reign, Lutheranism made significant inroads in Denmark.

At an open meeting in Copenhagen attended by the king in 1536, the people shouted; "We will stand by the holy Gospel, and do not want such bishops anymore".

When the Lutherans presented the Augsburg Confession to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, they believe to have "showed that each article of faith and practice was true first of all to Holy Scripture, and then also to the teaching of the church fathers and the councils".

Lutheranism advocates a doctrine of justification "by grace alone through faith alone on the basis of Scripture alone", the doctrine that scripture is the final authority on all matters of faith.At that time the Uppsala Synod declared Holy Scripture the sole guideline for faith, with four documents accepted as faithful and authoritative explanations of it: the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, the Athanasian Creed, and the unaltered Augsburg Confession of 1530.After the death of Martin Luther in 1546, the Schmalkaldic War started out as a conflict between two German Lutheran rulers in 1547.As time passed by, the word Evangelical was dropped.Lutherans themselves began to use the term Lutheran in the middle of the 16th century, in order to distinguish themselves from other groups such as the Philippists and Calvinists.

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